image The View From Spain: Who is Donald Trump and why he will become the next President of the USA.. – by Fdo. A. Barahona-

Original Article in Spanish:


Translation: I have tried to translate  into English the original piece in Spanish,  as best I can- Cynthia

Fernando Alonso Barahona lawyer, author of 37 books , columnist and former spokesperson of the Julian Marias Association,..
” We want to get rid of politicians who do not listen to people” DONALD TRUMP
Who is Trump?

Donald Trump was born in Queens (New York) on June 14, 1946. He studied economics at the University of Pennsylvania, and  began working with his father, Fred Trump, in his real estate business, reaching by 1973  a significant position within the company.
The Trump companies build hotels, casinos, golf courses, homes and the entire series of buildings that form the  Trump Entertainment and Resorts Group. [today, The Trump Organization]
Despite  his family’s fortune, his roots are humble, as it corresponds with  the great American dream. His mother, Mary Trump (1912-2000) was born in Scotland and emigrated to the United States in 1930 working as a housekeeper for four years. In 1936 she married Fred Trump, (1905-1999) businessman and builder.
The young Donald Trump  quickly  began to learn  the paternal  business, and while completing his studies participated in the development of a luxury apartment project in Cincinnati. The success was such, that the young man  would still brag about this  years after   graduating in 1968, and by then,  his personal fortune was well over $ 200,000 (equivalent to more than $1 million  in 2015) However, not everything would  be triumphs; in 1969 he lost  $70,000 invested on a Broadway Play: “Paris is out.” Nevertheless, this avatar would be the beginning of his successful career in the media and entertainment industry which would  provide him with gigantic publicity.

Trump’s  big phase  begins in 1978 with the  building in  Manhattan of the  Grand Hyatt Hotel. Shortly thereafter, in 1983, the magnate concludes the construction of Trump Tower,  emblem of his achievements. From that moment his career will be triumphal – despite being   beset by  difficulties  at different times which  he knows how to dodge effectively – and his  popularity   multiplies by  his continuous appearances on television shows.  In 2001 Trump completes the Trump World Tower: 72 residential apartments, while continuing to  build hotels and all kinds of real estate businesses. According to  the press, in 2015, his profits   exceeded $600 million.

Trump’s business career had its ups and downs [booms and busts], some of the hotels and casinos suffered bankruptcies, but their owner always chose to look forward and continue with  new projects. He also diversified his [business] objectives, never  hesitating to sponsor and fund events like Miss Universe or Miss USA, undertaking an interesting facet in education (the creation of  Trump University, L.L.C) or participating   in sporting events: World Wrestling Entertainment. And all this without ever ceasing to appear in the media. Trump was the executive producer of  the reality show “The Apprentice” for NBC,  in which participants would compete in business management and the winner would be hired by the tycoon. Fourteen seasons endorse the project that achieved great popularity. As if this were not enough,  Donald Trump appears on TV shows and in various films, ( for example, a “cameo” in Home Alone 2 , on  popular TV series: Sex and the City, The Prince of Bel Air and The Nanny)  With this “baggage,” his undeniable charisma and his ability to attract the masses,  it  was not  surprising that Politics would eventually tempt him. From 1987 to 1999 he was a  registered Republican  and admirer of Ronald Reagan. In 1999 he switched to the Reform Party, even exploring a possible presidential candidacy in this third party which Ross Perot made somewhat relevant. From 2001 to 2009 he  was a Democrat, voted for [Senator] Clinton and opposed the war in Iraq confronting the Bush Dynasty. However, in 2008 he supported McCain against Obama,  leaving the Democrat party to continue as an Independent until 2011 when he returns, at least nominally, to the Republican core.   Mr. Trump  contributed to numerous political campaigns and until recent times his contributions were divided almost equally between Democrats and Republican candidates.  From 2013 he begins to get involved in conservative causes and emphasizes his opposition to the policies of President Obama. And finally, on  June 16, 2015, in his  Trump Tower in New York, he announces his  intention to participate in the presidential election of 2016.

The impact on the media  is  high,  but everything seems to go against him, he has no funding and scarcely any  millionaire-donors, which is why he   resorts  to his own companies and his  personal account. The press does not take him seriously and sometimes mocks his particular style for  getting attention . Nobody seems to give  him any possibilities and the majority of the leaders of the Republican Party  ignore him at first and then attack him. At the top is the  Republican financial elite and the bureaucratic team of Jeb Bush, who soon becomes the Party’s favorite candidate.  But the political class is so discredited and   Trump’s campaign following so large  that he soon takes the lead in the Republican primaries and sinks   Jeb Bush, who abandons  at the first of change. The “establishment” then woos Marco Rubio, a promising  figure who “lets himself be loved,” but loses his second place to  Ted Cruz, a conservative who keeps away from the elites and who is the only one who seems to be able to follow Trump’s triumphant trail, especially with the  Evangelical and Christian vote.

Nevertheless the Republican class attacks with force acting  in parallel   with the Democrat candidate Hillary Clinton who, in turn, is having problems  to rid  herself  of the other Democrat candidate, the more left leaning Bernie Sanders,   opposed as well  to the “establishment.”   The figures of the more conventional Republicanism unite and conspire against Trump.  He is not supported by either  Bush or McCain, while the last Republican candidate  (2012) Mitt Romney openly speaks  against him, as well as  Speaker  P Ryan.  It does not  matter. Ted Cruz, who also does not enjoy  official support, deflates when candidates like Dr. Ben Carson (highly respected  Black conservative), Mike Huckabee or Rick Santorum, all conservatives, lean towards Trump. Similarly, other  “ancient swords” decide to take his side: Rudy Giuliani, Newt Gingrich, Bob Dole and the famous and controversial Sarah Palin. 

The end result,  despite the open confrontation, the initial polls, the all-out attack by large parts of the press which turns into personal mockery  and  the lack of  great funding and financial support, is that Donald Trump obtains an absolute majority of delegates in the primaries and  receives the Republican nomination. Even at the Republican Convention in July 2016 the establishment’s “old guard”  tries one last move,  to  bring him down.., [from his high horse]…All is in vain. In addition, while campaigns  harass him everywhere, sometimes in bloody fashion, the electorate’s esteem of him rises. Surveys/ Polls mysteriously fluctuate from  “dismissing him  to supporting him.”  And the truth is that at the height of the Summer (2016) Trump already appears virtually tied with Hillary Clinton, apart from holding  the record of popular votes ever  received by a Republican candidate in the primaries.
How could this be possible?  Who is this hyperactive businessman, charismatic, provocative, politically incorrect millionaire who opposes the  Wall Street class, admirer of the film “Citizen Kane ” by Orson Welles, and  who has been married three times, with five children and until now, eight grandchildren?
Donald Trump, whose third wife Melania, is of Slovenian descent and twenty years younger, turned seventy years old  in June 2016. When he published his health reports , the press repeated that he was the strongest of all  the candidates .

His slogan, “Make America Great Again,”  resonates with millions of Americans and  the memory of Ronald Reagan, ( also politically incorrect, Democrat first and Republican later; a  classic Hollywood actor, despised by the “establishment” and blasted by the influential liberal media of the time) spreads   his wishes   of  renewal.  (Chuck Norris has written an interesting article on the many similarities between Reagan and Trump.) The actor, who tends to move more  in Huckabee’s and Cruz’s orbit, is a personal friend of the Bush family, and is also among those popular supporters of the candidate.


Why Trump will win the Presidency of the United States.

A year ago nobody  was taking  Trump seriously,  even six months ago he was still underestimated  and no “survey” predicted  his nomination. Since two months ago this “joke” has elicited “reaction” and many times,  hatred. Why  the coincidence between the usual sectors of the  (Progressives) Left, the rancid left of course, and  the financial elites, joining with the affluent right? After all  Donald Trump abhors the Iraq war, is against  the established economic power, is moderate in his conservative social agenda and his  anti-establishment discourse  has drawn him closer  to Bernie Sanders’ leftist  voters after recognizing that  many of his  proposals fit into his program, aware of how the alliance between the  failed candidate and the  power of  the Clintons completely abandoned them.

Nonetheless, much of the European , almost all  of the Hispanic and important parts of the American press detest him.  And this, in spite  of another of his campaign’s  messages which is “Working for the people and not for the political class, ” that was used (before he did) in numerous  “Indignados” [Indignants’] demonstrations  in Europe (and particularly in Spain). Before the VOX Party adopted for its campaign, in June 2016, the slogan “Make Spain  big again,” Trump’s populist slogans  seem to derive straight out of the ideological laboratories  of the “PODEMOS” [WE CAN] Party.

 There may be a few  reasons  which reveal the fortitude of the candidate, despite  the barrage of criticism:

– Trump is an intruder in the political elite,  in the ruling “class.”  As an entrepreneur, millionaire, popular in a “reality show” and in the galas of  Miss World and wrestling matches, he   is tolerated or  even praised, but  another different thing  is to want to make the  jump into politics.
– Trump is politically incorrect, he has managed to convey that he says what he thinks, even if this leads him  to make  mistakes or gaffes. To  hear a politician speak clearly, make mistakes or not   follow the instructions of image consultants strikes  as original, actually revolutionary.

– Several of the policies proposed by Trump certainly  attack  at  the core of some the privileged,  established powers: pharmaceuticals, banks, investment funds.
– Indeed Trump has brandished  a certain populism,  avoiding  the usual means, jumping the normal channels and reaching out directly to the ordinary citizen who, for years,   distrusts politics in general and  the political class in particular. In this sense,  it should not surprise that it is in circles, also on bad terms with the established power,  (Putin in Russia; the new Eastern European  countries such as Poland or Hungary; Marine Le Pen in France; Brexit supporters in Britain) where Trump has obtained  unsuspected sympathizers/supporters. Of course none of them have the slightest influence on the presidential election in November.

-Inside  a particular wing of  the Republican Party (although it  should  be remembered that the party system in the US is open and  has nothing to do with the tight control political parties have  in other systems ) the   powerful leveraged ruling class  sees Trump with panic, fundamentally because it believes – not without reason – that important privileges may be lost if he is able to make his policies succeed.

And yet, all these reasons, turned inside out, are the ones that are boosting Trump’s ascension. Without forgetting that he will have as rival     Hillary Rodham Clinton, famous as   First Lady during Bill Clinton’s two terms, failed candidate in 2008, defeated by Obama in the Democratic primaries, Secretary of State with the first Obama Administration and certainly a member of  the “establishment” in its  pure state. Not even  the support of almost all the liberal/progressive millionaires in the United States   has  been able to change    the high rate of rejection that Hillary arouses in many voters, in many places.

It could almost be said  that  each attack, insult,  manifestation of contempt corresponds to an increase  in his [Trump’s] voters’ intentions. This can be dangerous because it confers a considerable heterogeneity  to his voters  who may come to expect very different things, even opposing the candidate. But in the short term, victory  may be  served on a platter… Aware of this certain vagueness, Trump has chosen as  his vice president, Mike Pence, a  serious and respected conservative [Governor]  from Indiana,  who declared  after accepting the offer: “I am a Christian, Conservative and Republican. In this order ”  A full declaration of principles.   Pence (1959) is a competent politician, with a rather low profile, and precisely for this he  compensates against the excesses of Trump. In the Primaries, he supported Ted Cruz  and his “baggage” certainly represents  the essence of the classic Republican Party in its conservative line .

The presidency of George W. Bush ended with very low ratings in popularity, but when I published my essay  in 2008, “Who is John McCain (Ciudadela)” I included   that  the rejection of Congress by a majority of the citizens,  was even greater than that suffered  by the President. Obama has not improved things, rather, the division has increased considerably within the American society and the percentage of citizens who think that the country is headed in the wrong direction  is around 50 percent.

As for Hillary Clinton,  we have already  discussed her rate of  rejection which  is considerable   and [she] represents the opposite of any policy  of renewal or regeneration.

And  what about  Trump’s  general proposals which  provoke hostility in many sectors, although probably   many of them only know  of them from  cartoons?
Let us   see what  the official candidacy  identifies   as priorities. Curiously, all fall under the general heading of Reforms, and  it is the presumably  conservative candidate who is the one presenting a program of change, while Hillary Clinton  (Crooked Hillary as referred by Trump with disdain, making references to  her  difficulties with the law  in the case of the “misused” emails,  during her tenure as Secretary of State, and which  could have endangered National Security)

  • PAY FOR THE WALL , The polemic Wall with Mexico

It is without any doubt the most controversial proposal and  which garners Trump  the enmity of much of the so-called Latino vote. The argument that the candidate offers in support of his  idea is of course politically incorrect.  He  refers to,  as an introduction, section 326 of the PATRIOT Act that requires  identifications  of financial institutions before making  any type of transaction. As the federal regulation ( 312 CFR 130,120,121)  for money transfers is not fully applied, Mexico would be  benefiting from the continuous flow of dollars it receives from illegal immigration  without barely contributing  anything in return to the “host [country].” To change the situation Trump / Pence propose the creation of the controversial fence that would separate the borders.  They add  that immigration is a privilege and not a right, and that    the number of hundreds of thousands of annual visas for immigrants from Mexico cannot be maintained. A substantial part of that immigration falls frequently in crime and drug trafficking networks. Trump is determined to demand the Mexican government accept and pay the controversial wall (at  a cost of $8 billion). Still – he says – the benefits that Mexico would continue to receive would be high.

If he becomes President, Trump would  threaten Mexico with retention of all the money that Mexican [illegal?] immigrants send to their country if they do not agree to pay for the wall. The US government would  block all remittances to Mexico which  amount to approximately $24 billion a year. According to the candidate, the threat would remain without effect  if Mexico makes the “easy decision” and contributes a lump sum payment of between 5  to 10 billion dollars.

It should also  be noted that not  all of the Latino vote would abandon Trump. Although neither Ted Cruz nor Marco Rubio – so far – have come out in Trump’s support, several conservative and Latino  opinion leaders   announced they would campaign with the candidate after the Republican Convention of 19- 21 July.


Trump proposes the immediate repeal of ObamaCare as well as  the modification of a series of laws that allow for  the creation of a new model of health insurance. Here Trump surprises his potential enemies by pointing, although it is a  free market system , the right to health and distribution of pharmaceuticals  is a public service. The aim is to reduce insurance costs for the middle and working classes, even when  it may  clamp down on  the freedom of activity of the large pharmaceutical companies. Certainly a measure that breaks  preconceived schemes.With it he  also  proposes to eliminate  the state barriers that prevent the sale of health insurance across state lines and make the payment of insurance premiums fully tax deductible.

The best social program has always been a job, is the motto of Donald Trump. (Another slogan that reminds us by the way, of  the P P  in Spain)  Trump also links his health care proposals with his immigration proposals. His plan also calls for ” required transparency  of prices” to enable patients to “buy and find the best prices” for medical care, and remove the barriers that currently make it difficult to admit  into the  US healthcare market less expensive foreign drugs.


  • US-CHINA TRADE REFORM. Reform of the trading system with China

Trade reform with China is another of Trump’s  commitments with a program that supports   a strong nationalism and protection of American products. It  proposes  forcing China to respect intellectual property rights and suggests opposing the illegal exports of   Chinese products that cause the destruction of thousands of jobs. And all  this  with additional policies to reduce the corporate tax, the federal deficit and  reinforce American military presence  to show the world that the United States continues to have a leadership position around the globe..

The program responds to the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform Act and Consumer Protection Act (2010)  launched by Obama, but it also supports the reinstatement of the Glass Steagall Act. This bill, adopted in 1933, during the middle of the  Depression, separated traditional banking from investment banking with the objective  of preventing the first from making high – risk investments. The financial sector  opposes the reinstatement  of this measure and its inclusion in the  [program’s] text  is a populist wink that takes into account the mood of the voter,  whom Trump will have to attract.
The  pragmatic declaration  does not deviate from the  traditional support shown by the Republican Party  for free trade, even though Trump has stated that he  rejects trade agreements like the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) or the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP)


• Denounce China for manipulating the exchange rate of its currency
• Protect American intellectual property in China
• End  export subsidies  for China, including  the permissive labor  and environmental legislation

Strengthen the position of the United States with the reduction of  business taxation, reduction of the public debt and increase military presence in Southeast Asia.


  • VETERANS ADMINISTRATION REFORMS. Reform the administrative status of war veterans

The increase of  social benefits for war veterans, the elimination of  bureaucratic obstacles. Trump  decidedly pledges to  favor all those men and women ( for whom he dedicates special attention)   who have risked their lives to defend their country.


It is  another  of the core  programs of the Trump / Pence candidacy. The proposal includes the simplification of tax rates and forms;  the exemption of the federal income  tax for individuals with  incomes less than $25,000 annually, a reduction of taxes for businesses, and significant tax benefits for the  creation of jobs.

A bachelor who  earns $25,000 or less would not have to worry about taxes, as well as a married couple who together  earn $ 50,000 or less. That would mean that 75 million households  (about 50%) would not pay taxes. Furthermore, the tax cuts will also be for businesses- none will  pay more than 15% of their income in taxes. It would also end the current situation in which profits earned abroad are not subject to taxes, with a temporary amnesty at 10%.

And also as a “final shot”: the elimination of tax privileges for the large fortunes. Trump certainly breaks  schemes continuously.

The tax rates proposed by Trump in his country have been listed as the lowest since World War II. Proposed rates of  0, 10, 20 and 25 % (today, the highest is 40%), which would simplify the Tax Code. People earning less than $ 25,000 annually would pay no income tax.  In addition,  he proposes to increase the minimum wage.



The Second Amendment rights. The defense of the Second Amendment, which  guarantees the right of citizens to bear arms, is another principle which finds in Trump maximum support. And combined   with strong reinforcement in the fight against delinquency and crime. A final fact surprises: Trump points without reservations to the American Mental Health System which  is broken and ineffective. The vast majority of mass murders with weapons have been committed by mentally ill patients  that the system could not accommodate, cure or keep isolated from the rest of the population.
Of course, the powerful NRA (National Rifle Association) fully supports his candidacy.



The  Declaration of Principles summarizes perfectly his philosophy:
a) A Nation without borders is not a Nation
b) A Nation without Laws is not a Nation
c) A Nation that does not serve her own citizens is not a Nation


And about  those principles… concrete measures: the immediate expulsion of all [illegal] immigrants who commit crimes; ensure the fight against  organized mafias (cartels); triple  the number of police in charge of security, end sanctuaries [cities] for crime.

He proposes likewise to review with closer attention the applications from “those foreign nationals who want to enter the United States from countries that support terrorists or regions linked to Islamic terrorism.”  This last aspect  is of great importance since millions of persons in all of Europe,and certainly in  America, are really alarmed by the violent growth of the so-called Islamic State, and  the passivity shown by  many western governments, who seem to limit themselves to express “routine” condemnations. On this point, what is in play, is a form of life, a tradition of liberty and prosperity and the failure, without palliatives, of the so called “multiculturalism,” or the absurd Alliance of Civilizations that a Spanish President, whose name is not worth recalling, tried to launch.

And as a final conclusion: “Put  American workers in  first place  of   priorities.”

Definitely, many generalities that perhaps would never had made it  this far if not for the formidable capacity of the candidate to lead the debate, following the maxim: “Speak ye of me, even if it is bad.”  No one knows with certainty what a Trump Presidency would be like, although those who exaggerate citing his explosive character, his narcissism or his sense for showmanship, should not forget that the position  ends up shaping, in  a certain sense, the person. Furthermore, the American  system is strong and solid. The President enjoys powers, of course, but the Congress and Senate  act as a counterbalance [checks and balances] when necessary because in  the USA, democracy has not become a “partytocracy.”   And powerful men like Nixon (who had to resign from the Presidency in 1974 for the Watergate case) or even Clinton with his interns, also saw his power dampened by the counterbalances of the system, the press  in first place. 

A few observers have detected  some similarity between [President] the presidency of Andrew Jackson, hero of the West,  friend of Davy Crockett,  with Trump. Even  with the impulsive, man of action, Theodore Roosevelt. The truth is that Donald Trump would change the  coordinates of power, not all  of them because it would be   impossible, but sufficiently enough to leave a mark.
[Let us hurl the fly pen]: a certain American nationalism prefers  avoiding   permanent intervention in the world,   strengthening  the relations with  Russia and Great Britain, perhaps to the detriment of Europe,  focusing  on  the middle classes, so impoverished in recent decades in the West, increasing security and  amplifying the fight against terrorism (and radical Islam, in particular),   sifting the  free market  through a   certain protectionism  for US commerce… And of course that patriotism surrounding the Reaganesque slogan “Make America great Again .”
We will have to wait until November unless  a “meltdown”  takes place   – it can not be ruled out given the power of the  opposing economic forces to  Trump in  strategic alliance with “diluting” forces who  abhor the West and its Christian tradition. The truth  is that Donald Trump, in his seventy years  begins the greatest trajectory of his life. One more, for a man who has not stopped, for even an instant, doing things. A special and unique trajectory.
The reason? The showman Willie Robertson summed it up during his speech at the Convention: ” If you’re a middle class-or working American, be assured that Donald Trump is the only one  among the politicians who will not ignore you [have your back].”
Populism? Certainly, but also  failure of the  conventional political class.

The former presidential hopeful and  Arkansas governor (Arkansas, land of the Clintons, by the way) Mike Huckabee, conservative and close to Trump, explained the great change between 2008 (when he followed in the footsteps of McCain, the race to the nomination) and 2016 ( when he had to retire after the first vote in Iowa): “Now people are angry, they want to give the political class a good kick, because it has left them  disappointed and forgotten” Something not  so very different from what many  cry and opine in European movements, but  who despise Trump  without  a   previous, minimally solvent, analysis.
The truth is that Trump’s voters  are heterogeneous: disenchanted, independent Democrats of the most varied types, white workers who see their future with fear, ofcourse immigrants who are already established but fear instability, conservatives … The goal  has not been accomplished  yet, with all that it  implies – of course –  the difficulties in implementing a program with  concrete solutions. In this respect, Trump’s verbiage ultimately helps him because people perceive that he is a different politician who seems to say what he thinks, even  if often he  makes mistakes.
That commitment to the  average people  (the silent majority  also invoked by Nixon at one time), the media whirlwind that accompanies him and the fact that his rival, Hillary is the authentic  representative of the old political class (left or right) that people want to punish,  will explain – surely – the triumph of Donald Trump.

Next… new chapter- yet to be written.